Joe Lincoln, fascinated by the waterfowl on a nearby pond, began carving miniature decoys as a boy. He grew up to be one of the greatest decoy carvers ever.
He started carving just for fun. Then as a teenager he sold his first decoy to a sportsman (they were actually used in hunting) and he was off to the races. He chopped the bodies by hand from cedar or pine and then smoothed them with a drawknife. He refused to use power tools because he thought power tools too blunt for decoy carving. The photo was taken in 1926 by longtime Boston Herald photographer Leslie Jones.
The New York Times called Joe Lincoln “a talented Yankee tinkerer and craftsman who could make everything from a camera to a pair of shoes.”
He died in 1938 after spending his life carving decoys from a 10’ by 12’ shed in his yard. Collectors prize his work. In 1986, a wood duck drake by Joe Lincoln sold at auction for $205,000. His work can be seen at the Ward Museum in Salisbury, Md.
The birds portray several attitudes. Some swim, some preen and some have their bills nestled under a wing.
The museum describes a typical Lincoln decoy. It “has a gently raised neck seat that flows into a low rounded chest. Arched backs give way to horizontal tails above flat bottoms.”
Lincoln also typically painted symmetrical lines on his decoys, and he simplified plumage patterns, making a highly stylized image.
He carved a number of different kinds of species, including brants, buffleheads, canvasbacks, goldeneyes, mallards, mergansers, old squaws, pintails, redheads, ruddy ducks, scaups, teals, whistlers, wigeons and wood ducks. He also produced a handful of other species for special orders.
Image of decoys: By schmuck-by-nature – originally posted to Flickr as Decoys, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8943514. This story last updated in 2022.